One of the most crucial roles of a teacher is to introduce subjects and new topics to students. The teacher and students define the relevance of the topic together. Either the teacher will introduce content or sometimes the students can choose it themselves. Introduction to a new topic should be inspiring and it can be delivered i.e. by examples, books, lectures, videos, games, fairy tales, role plays, or visits.
Students are encouraged to explore the topic more deeply and its application in real-life situations. Teachers are not just lecturing, but also using various methods such as problem-based learning, peer-learning, visits, virtual reality and expert interviews to enable students to find reliable, new information on the topic. Using a wide range of learning activities from the Bloom’s Taxonomy, the learning is engaging and motivating for students.
After exploring a new topic, students are able to demonstrate their skills in various ways i.e. by writing an essay, drawing a picture, doing a project, teaching other students or building a 3D prototype. During this phase the students are integrating their previous knowledge with the new, and by using versatile methods the learning is more in-depth.
Reflection can be done via self, peer, formative or summative assessment. The focus is in progress and learning. With this information, the student knows how well they have mastered a particular skill in the curriculum and if there is still need for further practice of the topic. Self-assessment is a crucial skill and can be learned after years of practice, with a support of a teacher. After reflection, the student is able to orientate to the next topic and define their own learning objectives.